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Needs assessment for standardized educational program for Iranian Medical Students in crisis and disaster management

Journal article
Authors Rita Rezaee
Mahmoudreza Peyravi
Milad Ahmadi Marzalleh
Amir Khorram-Manesh
Published in Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Volume 7
Pages 95-102
ISSN 2322-2220
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Pages 95-102
Language en
Keywords Disasters, Crisis, Medical students, Education, Interdisciplinary, Awareness
Subject categories Disaster medicine


Introduction: Early education and training are mandatory to raise the knowledge and awareness of the healthcare staff. Iran is a disaster-prone area with a high number of emergencies. This study aimed to assess the need for disaster and emergency management education for Iranian medical students. Methods: Using a two-round Delphi technique in 2017, 15 experts within the field of disaster and emergency management were asked for their opinions concerning the education required for Iranian medical students. Highly important educational domains and their sub-domains selected with an agreement of above 70- 80% were prioritized by the AHP technique. Results: Of 41 identified and prioritized educational subjects, four main groups were obtained: 1) crisis and disaster primary concepts, 2) disease control skills, 3) management skills, and 4) medical care skills. The medical care skills had the highest priority (with a weight of 0.546), compared to other areas after the final analysis. Conclusion: Different areas of competency are needed to raise awareness and preparedness in medical students in combating crisis and disasters. We propose a curriculum for Iranian medical students and suggest it be used for other professionals, who are involved in the process of disaster management.

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