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Policy on Reducing Shipping Emissions: Implications for ‘Green Ports’

Chapter in book
Authors Kevin Cullinane
Sharon Cullinane
Published in Green ports : inland and seaside sustainable transportation strategies / edited by Rickard Bergqvist and Jason Monios
Pages pp. 35-62
ISBN 9780128140543
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Business Administration, Industrial and Financial Management & Logistics
Pages pp. 35-62
Language en
Subject categories Transport Systems and Logistics, Economics and Business, Economics, Business Administration


Shipping has traditionally been viewed as the least environmentally damaging mode of freight transport. Recent studies have increasingly questioned this perception, as attention has focused on both the greenhouse gas emissions (mainly CO2) and the emission of health-damaging pollutants (such as sulfur, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) by ships. This chapter reviews the available evidence on the atmospheric emissions of shipping and proposes that reliance on market forces alone is insufficient to deliver on the environmental imperative. The current and planned regulatory regime for improving the industry's environmental footprint is outlined and posits that greater, and more diverse, market regulation is required. The implications of emerging shipping regulations for ports, particularly those claiming the “green port” label, are highlighted. The chapter concludes that, although the shipping industry has been slow to improve its environmental credentials, a combination of regulation and technological innovation provides it with significant potential to dramatically reduce its environmental impact, and that ports have a pivotal role to play in supporting this objective. In order to do so, however, ports will need to look beyond their traditional operational milieu.

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