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Regulating Eutrophication – Flexible Legal Approaches and Environmental Governance in the Baltic Sea Area

Chapter in book
Authors Brita Bohman
Published in Regulatory gaps in Baltic Sea governance : selected issues / edited by Henrik Ringbom.
Pages 45-67
ISBN 978-3-319-75070-5
Publisher Springer International Publishing
Place of publication Cham
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Law
Pages 45-67
Language en
Keywords Eutrophication; Baltic Sea; Ecosystem approach; Good environmental status; Helsinki Convention; Baltic Sea action plan; Marine strategy framework directive; Baltic Sea
Subject categories Law and Society


The chapter discusses the design of regulatory instruments and structures adopted to deal with eutrophication in the Baltic Sea area. New forms of regulations have been introduced in the past decades and what may appear as regulatory gaps or uncertain obligations is often closely connected to the developing idea of an ecosystem approach to regulation, in international as well as EU law. The chapter assesses what this concept actually entails in legal terms and whether the demand for regulation and enforcement of measures to reduce the eutrophication is sufficiently and effectively covered in the existing regulatory framework. It also reviews benefits and obstacles linked to ecosystem-based regulation and assesses whether the concept provides is effective in abating environmental problems.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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