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Analysis of regulator of G-protein signalling 2 (RGS2) expression and function during prostate cancer progression

Journal article
Authors Anna Linder
M. Hagberg Thulin
Jan-Erik Damber
Karin Welén
Published in Scientific Reports
Volume 8
Issue 1
ISSN 2045-2322
Publication year 2018
Published at Sahlgrenska Cancer Center
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Urology
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35332...
Subject categories Urology and andrology, Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PC) represents the second highest cancer-related mortality among men and the call for biomarkers for early discrimination between aggressive and indolent forms is essential. Downregulation of Regulator of G-protein signaling 2 (RGS2) has been shown in PC, however the underlying mechanism has not been described. Aberrant RGS2 expression has also been reported for other carcinomas in association to both positive and negative prognosis. In this study, we assessed RGS2 expression during PC progression in terms of regulation and impact on tumour phenotype and evaluated its prognostic value. Our experimental data suggest that the RGS2 downregulation seen in early PC is caused by hypoxia. In line with the common indolent phenotype of a primary PC, knockdown of RGS2 induced epithelial features and impaired metastatic properties. However, increased STAT3, TWIST1 and decreased E-cadherin expression suggest priming for EMT. Additionally, improved tumour cell survival and increased BCL-2 expression linked decreased RGS2 levels to fundamental tumour advantages. In contrast, high RGS2 levels in advanced PC were correlated to poor patient survival and a positive metastatic status. This study describes novel roles for RGS2 during PC progression and suggests a prognostic potential discriminating between indolent and metastatic forms of PC. © 2018, The Author(s).

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