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Dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium coupled to Fe(II) oxidation in sediments of a periodically hypoxic estuary

Journal article
Authors Elizabeth Robertson
Keryn L. Roberts
Laurine D.W. Burdorf
Perran Cook
Bo Thamdrup
Published in Limnology and Oceanography
Volume 61
Pages 365-381
Publication year 2016
Published at
Pages 365-381
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1002/lno.10220
Subject categories Microbiology, Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences, Environmental Sciences

Abstract

© 2016 Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography. Estuarine sediments are critical for the remediation of large amounts of anthropogenic nitrogen (N) loading via production of N2from nitrate by denitrification. However, nitrate is also recycled within sediments by dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). Understanding the factors that influence the balance between denitrification and DNRA is thus crucial to constraining coastal N budgets. A potentially important factor is the availability of different electron donors (organic carbon, reduced iron and sulfur). Both denitrification and DNRA may be linked to ferrous iron oxidation, however the contribution of Fe(II)-fueled nitrate reduction in natural environments is practically unknown. This study investigated how nitrate-dependent Fe2+oxidation affects the partitioning between nitrate reduction pathways using15N-tracing methods in sediments along the salinity gradient of the periodically hypoxic Yarra River estuary, Australia. Increased dissolved Fe2+availability resulted in significant enhancement of DNRA rates from around 10-20% total nitrate reduction in control incubations to over 40% in those with additional Fe2+, at several sites. Increases in DNRA at some locations were accompanied by reductions in denitrification. Significant correlations were observed between Fe2+oxidation and DNRA rates, with reaction ratios corresponding to the stoichiometry of Fe2+-dependent DNRA. Our results provide experimental evidence for a direct coupling of DNRA to Fe2+oxidation across an estuarine gradient, suggesting that Fe2+availability may exert substantial control on the balance between retention and removal of bioavailable N. Thus, DNRA linked to Fe2+oxidation may be of general importance to environments with Fe-rich sediments.

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