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General and oral health problems among adults with focus on dentally anxious individuals

Journal article
Authors Magnus Hakeberg
Ulla Wide
Published in International Dental Journal
Volume 68
Issue 6
Pages 405-410
ISSN 0020-6539
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 405-410
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/idj.12400
Keywords Health-related quality of life, oral health-related quality of life, dental anxiety, epidemiology, quality-of-life, conceptual-model, fear, impact, anxiety, attendance, associations, avoidance, disease, utility, Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

Objectives The objective of this epidemiological survey was to analyse the association between dental anxiety and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among adults. Methods Individuals were randomly selected (n = 3500), and they were interviewed by telephone and asked to complete a questionnaire concerning dental anxiety, HRQL [Oral Health Impact Profile-5 (OHIP-5) and EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D)] and several socioeconomic variables. Results Dental anxiety was revealed as a significant factor relative to the OHIP-5 and EQ-5D. Dental anxiety had a stronger association with the OHIP-5 [odds ratio (OR): 3.50] than with the EQ-5D (OR: 1.75). In addition, socioeconomic status demonstrated a gradient, with higher ORs the lower the income and the likelihood of reporting poor HRQL. Conclusion High dental anxiety was associated with lower HRQL.

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