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Using Magnetic Droplet Nucleation to Determine the Spin Torque Efficiency and Asymmetry in Co-x(Ni,Fe)(1-x) Thin Films

Journal article
Authors S. Jiang
S. Chung
Q. T. Le
H. Mazraati
Afshin Houshang
Johan Åkerman
Published in Physical Review Applied
Volume 10
Issue 5
ISSN 2331-7019
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Physics (GU)
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.1...
Keywords nano-oscillators, multilayers, waves, excitation, anisotropy, solitons, driven, Physics
Subject categories Physical Sciences

Abstract

We demonstrate how to extract the material-dependent spin-torque efficiency (epsilon) and asymmetry (lambda) from the field-current nucleation boundaries of magnetic droplet solitons in orthogonal nano-contact spintorque oscillators with Co-x(Ni80Fe20)(1-x), (x = 0 -1), fixed layers. As the perpendicular component of the fixed-layer magnetization plays a central role in governing droplet nucleation, the nucleation boundaries exhibit monotonic shifts towards higher perpendicular magnetic fields when the fixed-layer magnetization mu M-0(s, p) is tuned from 1.04 to 1.7 T. We then extract epsilon and lambda from fits to the nucleation boundaries and find that while epsilon does not vary with composition,lambda increases from 1.5 to 3 with increasing Co content. The analysis of droplet nucleation boundaries is hence a useful tool for the systematic study of both epsilon and lambda as functions of material composition.

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