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Rapid Changes in Anthropogenic Carbon Storage and Ocean Acidification in the Intermediate Layers of the Eurasian Arctic Ocean: 1996-2015

Journal article
Authors Adam Ulfsbo
E. M. Jones
N. Casacuberta
M. Korhonen
B. Rabe
M. Karcher
Smac van Heuven
Published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume 32
Issue 9
Pages 1254-1275
ISSN 0886-6236
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of marine sciences
Pages 1254-1275
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1029/2017gb005738
Keywords ocean acidification, Arctic Ocean, anthropogenic carbon, Eurasian Basin, Nansen Basin, Amundsen, dissolved inorganic carbon, seawater ph measurements, sea-ice melt, fresh-water, aragonite undersaturation, northeast pacific, atlantic-ocean, cresol purple, surface-water, time-series, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, Geology, Meteorology & Atmospheric, Sciences, en gt, 1979, nature, v277, p205, LARSTERN cruise PS94 (ARK-XXIX/3)
Subject categories Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources, Environmental Sciences

Abstract

The extended multiple linear regression technique is used to determine changes in anthropogenic carbon in the intermediate layers of the Eurasian Basin based on occupations from four cruises between 1996 and 2015. The results show a significant increase in basin-wide anthropogenic carbon storage in the Nansen Basin (0.44-0.73 +/- 0.14 mol Cm-2.year(-1)) and the Amundsen Basin (0.63-1.04 +/- 0.09 mol C.m(-2).year(-1)). Over the last two decades, inferred changes in ocean acidification (0.020-0.055 pH units) and calcium carbonate desaturation (0.05-0.18 units) are pronounced and rapid. These results, together with results from carbonate-dynamic box model simulations and I-129 tracer distribution simulations, suggest that the accumulation of anthropogenic carbon in the intermediate layers of the Eurasian Basin are consistent with increasing concentrations of anthropogenic carbon in source waters of Atlantic origin entering the Arctic Ocean followed by interior transport. The dissimilar distributions of anthropogenic carbon in the interior Nansen and Amundsen Basins are likely due to differences in the lateral ventilation of the intermediate layers by the return flows and ramifications of the boundary current along the topographic boundaries in the Eurasian Basin.

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