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Electrocatalytic Aspects of the Chlorate Process: A Voltammetric and DEMS Comparison of RuO2 and DSA Anodes

Journal article
Authors K. M. Macounova
N. Simic
Elisabet Ahlberg
P. Krtil
Published in Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume 165
Issue 14
Pages E751-E758
ISSN 0013-4651
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
Pages E751-E758
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1149/2.0241814jes
Keywords chlorine evolution, hypochlorite, oxidation, oxygen, decomposition, electrodes, dependence, tio2(110), chromate, tio2, Electrochemistry, Materials Science, valera v, 1953, transactions of the faraday society, v49, p1338
Subject categories Electrochemistry

Abstract

The behavior of RuO2 and DSA anodes in hypochlorite oxidation is compared to outline limitations of the anode performance in the chlorate process. Both electrode materials oxidize hypochlorite via a radical involving mechanism, which produces overstoichiometric amounts of oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. Regardless of the electrode material the hypochlorite oxidation competes with chlorine evolution for the same surface sites. The hypochlorite oxidation prevails at low ionic strengths and in mildly alkaline media. On RuO2 based electrodes the electrochemical hypochlorite oxidation dominates, while on DSA the electrochemical hypochlorite oxidation is complemented by a catalytic decomposition of hypochlorite forming oxygen and hydrochloric acid. The catalytic hypochlorite decomposition observed for DSA represents a serious impediment for the chlorate process outlining the need of further optimization of the industrial grade anode for the chlorate process. (C) The Author(s) 2018. Published by ECS.

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