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Physical inactivity: Productivity losses and healthcare costs 2002 and 2016 in Sweden

Journal article
Authors Kristian Bolin
Published in BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine
Volume 4
Issue 1
ISSN 2055-7647
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Economics
Language en
Subject categories Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy


Objectives: To estimate the costs associated with physical inactivity in Sweden for the year 2016. Methods: The costs associated with insufficient physical activity was calculated employing population attributable fractions (PAFs) and register information on healthcare utilisation, mortality and disability pensions. The PAFs were calculated using information on exercise habits and morbidity-specific relative risks. The healthcare cost components were calculated based on registry data on inpatient-care, outpatient-care and primary care utilisation. Registry data on cause-specific mortality and granted disability pensions were used to calculate the productivity loss components. Costs associated with pharmaceutical utilisation were not included due lack of data. Results: Physical exercise habits improved somewhat between 2002 and 2016. Thus, the associated morbidityspecific PAFs decreased over the same time period. Conclusions: The economic costs attributable to insufficient physical activity decrease between the year 2002 and 2016. Healthcare costs attributable to insufficient physical activity as share of total healthcare expenses increased from 0.86 % in 2002 to 0.91 % in 2016.

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