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Interdecadal modulation of the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO) on southwest China’s temperature over the past 250 years

Journal article
Authors Keyan Fang
Zhengtang Guo
Deliang Chen
Lei Wang
Zhipeng Dong
Feifei Zhou
Yan Zhao
Jinbao Li
Yingjun Li
Xinguang Cao
Published in Climate Dynamics
Volume 52
Issue 3/4
Pages 2055–2065
ISSN 0930-7575
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 2055–2065
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4244-x
Keywords Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation, Indian summer monsoon, Southwestern China, Temperature, Tree ring
Subject categories Climate Research

Abstract

© 2018 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature The temperature gradient between southwestern China and Indian Ocean is one key driver of the Indian Summer Monsoon, suggesting the necessity to understand temperature variability in southwestern China. Contrary to the general warming experienced in most of China, a few regions in southwestern China have undergone a cooling trend since the 1950s. To place this cooling trend in a historical context, this study develops an Abies fabri tree-ring width chronology in the Sichuan Basin, the most populated region in southwest China. The chronology spans from 1590 to 2012, with its reliable portion from 1758 to 2012, by far the longest in the Sichuan Basin. To better extract regional climate signals encoded in tree rings with strong local disturbances, we incorporate climate signals of nearby tree-ring chronologies to generate a large-scale tree-ring chronology (LSC). The LSC shows higher correlations with temperature near the sampling site on Mount Emei and sea surface temperatures of the northern Atlantic Ocean than chronologies developed using traditional methods. The highest correlations between the LSC and temperature are found from current February to July in the Sichuan Basin for the period 1901–1950 (r = 0.70), with a sharp decrease afterwards. Interdecadal variations of the LSC match well with Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation reconstructions, except for the late nineteenth century and after ~ 1980s. This study provides evidence that southwest China is a transitional region both affected by the interdecadal temperature variations of the northern Atlantic and Asian areas, although their influences weakened in recent possible due to enhanced human activities.

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