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The 1999 Tanzania land acts as a community lands approach: A review of research into their implementation

Journal article
Authors Robin Biddulph
Published in Land Use Policy
Volume 79
Pages 48-56
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Economy and Society, Unit for Human Geography
Pages 48-56
Language en
Keywords Community lands, Custom, Individualisation, Tanzania, Titling and registration (ITR)
Subject categories Social and Economic Geography


In sub-Saharan Africa, securing community lands has often been proposed as an alternative to programmes of individualisation, titling and registration (ITR). Recently, community lands proponents have advocated a hybrid approach incorporating statutory recognition of individualised tenure within community lands. Whether the ideological and practical tensions between communal and individualised approaches can be resolved in a coherent implementable programme remains open to question. The 1999 Land Acts in Tanzania prefigure the hybrid communal lands approach. This article reviews research on their implementation to draw lessons for the approach. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

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