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Researching overuse injuries among adolescent soccer players using an interdisciplinary approach

Poster
Authors Klara Boije af Gennäs
Solveig E. S. Hausken
Astrid Schubring
Stefan Grau
Natalie Barker-Ruchti
Published in Svensk Beteendevetenskaplig Idrottsforsknings konferens (SVEBI)
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science
Language en
Subject categories Sport and Fitness Sciences, Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)

Abstract

Introduction Adolescent soccer players frequently suffer traumatic and overuse injuries. Research shows that injuries at a young age are problematic as they may limit continued participation and are a risk factor for future injuries (Junge, Cheung, Edwards, & Dvorak, 2004). Current findings indicate that injuries are caused by a multitude of factors, however, this knowledge is not integrated and does not provide a contextualized picture of how an injury develops. With a contextualized picture there can be a gain in information on social and temporal development of an injury. And detailed understanding of how an injury develops. Aim and theoretical framework The purpose of this poster is to provide an overview of the methodology used in an interdisciplinary research project on the development of overuse injuries among adolescent soccer players. In order to achieve this, the aim is to use Bronfenbrenner’s (2005) bioecological theory to create a contextualized view of factors that can create injuries. Method The project follows case-study inquiry. This inquiry has two main data production items. The first item contains a questionnaire, which all participants complete on a weekly basis for 6 months. The questionnaire is based on Clarsen’s (2013) Oslo Sports Trauma research on health problems (OSTRC) and provides a base and longitudinal overview of health problems. The second item contains five data gathering methods and is conducted as a case portfolio consisting of: a) biomechanical profiling based on a 3D running motion capture; b) isometric strength measurements and clinical flexibility tests; c) a training protocol filled in by the soccer players coach; d) observations during soccer practice; and e) semistructured interviews with the soccer players and their coaches. The sample selection is information-oriented, which means that samples are selected based on their expected content information (Flyvbjerg, 2006). Data is analysed for each employed method, as well as through an integrated portfolio analysis inspired by Bronfenbrenner s (2005) ́ bioecological theory. Results The cases’ injury history, individual biomedical, training, contextual and subjectivity results demonstrate individual factors that resulted in an injury. In relating these to each other, the two cases demonstrate how an injury develops over time, in particular contexts, in relation to particular training methods and coaching strategies, and as a result of individual dispositions and assumptions. Discussion and conclusions The findings of the study allow the collation of injury history, individual biomedical, training, contextual and subjectivity factors in a bioecological model of injury development. This model has the potential to create more effective injury prevention guidelines. The case-study approach provides concrete and contextdependent knowledge (Flyvbjerg, 2006), to develop case-oriented expertise, expanding the knowledge on the interdisciplinary interaction of overuse injury development. References Bronfenbrenner, U. (2005). Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Clarsen. B., Myklebust, G., & Bahr, R. (2013). Development and validation of a new method for the registration of overuse injuries in sports injury epidemiology: The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) overuse injury questionnaire. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(8), 495-502. Flyvbjerg, B. (2006). Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research. Qualitative Inquiry, 12(2), 219-245. Junge, A., Cheung, K., Edwards, T., & Dvorak, J. (2004). Injuries in youth amateur soccer and rugby players—comparison of incidence and characteristics. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(2), 168-172. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2002.003020

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