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What drives European port traffic? The role of competition

Journal article
Authors Marta Gonzalez-Aregall
Published in International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics
Volume 10
Issue 5-6
Pages 618-641
ISSN 1756-6517
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Business Administration, Industrial and Financial Management & Logistics
Pages 618-641
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1504/ijstl.2018.10016...
Keywords ports, traffic, competition, econometric analysis, container ports, empirical-evidence, seaport terminals, private, operators, efficiency, governance, impact, infrastructure, privatization, productivity, Business & Economics, Transportation
Subject categories Economics and Business

Abstract

This article examines the determinants of traffic in European ports in 2010 by estimating a generalised linear model with a gamma distribution. We examine the influence of various economic and geographic attributes of the urban areas in which the ports are located, along with the influence of variables that identify the intensity of competition that the respective port authorities face. We include a range of explanatory factors of port traffic including the GDP of the urban area, location, the share of transhipment traffic, the share of dedicated terminals, the volume of traffic from neighbouring ports, the level of connectivity with other transportation modes and the port's model of governance. Our results suggest that variables outside of port manager control, like the economic size of the urban area or the amount of traffic of neighbouring ports, are key determinants of the traffic that a port is able to reach.

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