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Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction, Recovery State, and Recovery Timing

Journal article
Authors Madelon L.M. van Hooff
Paul E. Flaxman
Mia Söderberg
Chris B. Stride
Sabine A.E. Geurts
Published in Human Performance
Volume 31
Issue 2
Pages 125-143
ISSN 08959285
Publication year 2018
Published at
Pages 125-143
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1080/08959285.20...
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/ful...
Keywords Basic psychological need; Recovery state; Recovery timing;
Subject categories Applied Psychology

Abstract

This study aimed to provide insight into recovery from work-related load effects by examining (a) whether basic psychological need (BPN) satisfaction during nonwork days facilitates recovery, (b) whether the effect of BPN satisfaction is stronger in case of an unfavorable initial recovery state, and (c) whether the association between BPN satisfaction and recovery is stronger on nonwork weekend days compared to nonwork weekdays. Data were collected across 7 consecutive days from 205 employees (39% shift workers). Fatigue and depressed mood were assessed as indicators of (failed) recovery. Multilevel analyses revealed that BPN satisfaction during nonwork days was related to improved recovery state. This association was stronger (a) if employees had experienced elevated fatigue on the preceding day and (b) on nonwork weekend days compared to nonwork weekdays.

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