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Global and regional climate responses to national-committed emission reductions under the Paris agreement

Journal article
Authors F. Wang
Q. S. Ge
Deliang Chen
J. Luterbacher
K. B. Tokarska
Z. X. Hao
Published in Geografiska Annaler Series a-Physical Geography
Volume 100
Issue 3
Pages 240-253
ISSN 0435-3676
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 240-253
Language en
Keywords Greenhouse gas emissions, Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, temperature, 2 degrees-c, carbon-cycle models, atmosphere-ocean, simpler model, scenarios, targets, cmip5, Physical Geography, Geology
Subject categories Geology


To stabilize global mean temperature change within the range of 1.5-2.0 degrees C in accordance with the Paris Agreement, countries worldwide submitted their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions with their proposed emission reductions. However, it remains unclear what the resulting climate change in terms of temperature and precipitation would be in response to the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution emission efforts. This study quantifies the global and regional temperature and precipitation changes in response to the updated Intended Nationally Determined Contribution scenarios, using simulations of 14 Fifth Coupled Climate Model Intercomparison Project models. Our results show that Intended Nationally Determined Contribution emissions would lead to a global mean warming of 1.4 degrees C (1.3-1.7 degrees C) in 2030 and 3.2 degrees C (2.6-4.3 degrees C) in 2100, above the preindustrial level (the 1850-1900 average). Spatially, the Arctic is projected to have the largest warming, 2.5 and 3 times the global average for 2030 and 2100, respectively, with strongest positive trends at 70-85 degrees N over Asia, Europe and North America (6.5-9.0 degrees C). The excessive warming under Intended Nationally Determined Contribution scenarios is substantially above the 1.5 degrees C or 2.0 degrees C long-term stabilization level. Global mean precipitation is projected to be similar to preindustrial levels in 2030, and an increase of 6% (4-9%) by 2100 compared with the preindustrial level. Regional precipitation changes will be heterogeneous, with significant increases over the equatorial Pacific (about +120%) and strong decreases over the Mediterranean, North Africa and Central America (-15% - -30%). These results clearly show that it is necessary to adjust and strengthen national mitigation efforts on current Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to meet the long-term temperature target.

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