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Effects of caveolae depletion and urothelial denudation on purinergic and cholinergic signaling in healthy and cyclophosphamide-induced cystitis in the rat bladder.

Journal article
Authors Johanna Stenqvist
Thomas Carlsson
Michael Winder
Patrik Aronsson
Published in Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical
Volume 213
Pages 60-70
ISSN 1872-7484
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Pharmacology
Pages 60-70
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autneu.2018.06...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Pharmacology

Abstract

Cholesterol rich membrane invaginations, caveolae, have important roles in various cellular activities, one of them being signal transduction. This signaling pathway seems to be affected during various bladder disorders and the current study aimed to elucidate the plausible involvement of caveolae mediated signal transduction during cyclophosphamide induced cystitis. Furthermore, the urothelial cholinergic part of ATP-evoked contractions and its possible link to caveolae were investigated. Cholinergic, as well as purinergic, contractile responses in rat urinary bladders were examined using a classic organ bath set-up with full-thickness strip preparations or a whole bladder model that enabled luminal administration of substances. Furthermore, sub groups with and without urothelium were examined. The expression of caveolin-1 was also tested using western blot and immunofluorescence. Caveolae cholesterol depletion by methyl-β-cyclodextrin entailed a significant decrease of ATP-evoked bladder contractility. Interestingly, after muscarinic blockade the ATP induced contractions were significantly reduced in the same manner. Furthermore, this atropine-sensitive part of ATP-evoked responses was absent in denuded as well as inflamed bladders. A tendency towards a reduced expression of caveolin-1 was observed in rats with experimental cystitis. The cholinergic part of ATP-induced contractile responses seemed to be affected by urothelium denudation as well as caveolae depletion. Removing one of these structures nullifies the effect of the other, suggesting an important interaction between the urothelium and the caveolar structures. These effects are absent in inflamed animals and might be one pathophysiological aspect behind BPS/IC.

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