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Social determinants of subjective well-being among young adults living in the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Journal article
Authors David Morton
Dalena van Rooyen
Danie Venter
Lena Andersson
Published in Journal of Psychology in Africa
Volume 28
Issue 4
Pages 284-290
ISSN 1433-0237
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 284-290
Language en
Keywords socio-economic factors, South Africa, subjective well-being
Subject categories Social Work, Psychology, Public health science


We investigated the relationships between certain social determinants (age, gender, marital status, education, income, and employment) and subjective well-being (SWB) in a young adult population in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. The participants consisted of 977 persons aged 18 to 40 years living in the historically deprived Eastern Cape, South Africa (females = 48%; age range = 18 to 40; rural dwellers = 15%). We measured their SWB utilising the World Health Organization (Ten) Well-Being Scale. Results following analysis of variance showed that age, education, and income were predictors of SWB. Higher SWB was associated with being older, having a higher level of formal education, and having a higher level of income. However, employment status did not have a significant relationship with SWB, suggesting the relative importance of other social indicators of social functioning in this population.

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