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The impact of seaweed cultivation on ecosystem services - a case study from the west coast of Sweden

Journal article
Authors Linus Hasselström
Wouter Visch
Fredrik Gröndahl
Göran M. Nylund
Henrik Pavia
Published in Marine Pollution Bulletin
Volume 133
Pages 53-64
ISSN 0025-326X
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of marine sciences
Pages 53-64
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul...
Keywords Aquaculture, Ecosystem services, Environmental impact, Kelp, Saccharina latissima, Seaweeds
Subject categories Environmental Sciences, Marine ecology

Abstract

© 2018 The Authors Seaweed cultivation attracts growing interest and sustainability assessments from various perspectives are needed. The paper presents a holistic qualitative assessment of ecosystem services affected by seaweed cultivation on the Swedish west coast. Results suggest that supporting, regulating and provisioning services are mainly positively or non-affected while some of the cultural services are likely negatively affected. The analysis opens for a discussion on the framing of seaweed cultivation – is it a w ay of supplying ecosystem services and/or a way of generating valuable biomass? Exploring these framings further in local contexts may be valuable for identifying trade-offs and designing appropriate policies and development strategies. Many of the found impacts are likely generalizable in their character across sites and scales of cultivation, but for some services, including most of the supporting services, the character of impacts is likely to be site-specific and not generalizable.

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