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Unequal Growth: How Household Incomes and Poverty in Urban China Have Developed since 1988, with an Emphasis on the Period from 2007 to 2013

Chapter in book
Authors Björn Gustafsson
Ding Sai
Published in The Latest Changes of Income Distribution Pattern in China - A study on the income distribution of Chinese residents (V))
Pages 119 - 139
ISBN 978-7-5095-7897-1
Publisher China Financial & Economic Publishing House
Place of publication Beijing, Kina
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 119 - 139
Language zh
Keywords Income, Poverty, Urban China
Subject categories Sociology, Economics

Abstract

This chapter investigates how household income, income inequality, and poverty among urban residents in China have developed since 1988, with an emphasis on the period from 2007 to 2013. We use data from the China Household Income Project (CHIP) to show that during a period when many countries in the West were experiencing stagnating or falling incomes, household incomes in urban China were growing by an average of 7 percent per annum. However, unlike during previous periods, earnings were growing by not more than 3 percent per annum, but pensions and imputed rents of owner-occupied housing were growing more rapidly. The trend whereby fewer persons in urban China have incomes that are lower than the poverty line, expressed as the constant purchasing power, continued between 2007 and 2013. We also show that income growth from 2007 to 2013 was slower in the lower part of the income distribution and thus the trend of increased income inequality in urban China continue d. This also applied to the number of people falling below the relative poverty line

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