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En Bloc Surgical Dissection for Penile Transplantation for Trans-Men: A Cadaveric Study

Journal article
Authors Gennaro Selvaggi
Erica Wesslén
Anna Elander
Peter Wroblewski
Andri Thorarinsson
Michael Olausson
Published in Biomed Research International
ISSN 2314-6133
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Plastic Surgery
Language en
Keywords sex reassignment surgery, to-male transsexuals, reconstruction, Biotechnology & Applied Microbiology, Research & Experimental Medicine
Subject categories Microbiology in the medical area


Introduction. The surgical techniques currently available for penile reconstruction for trans-men with gender dysphoria present with multiple drawbacks and often fail to meet patients' expectations. Literature reports three cases where penile transplantation has been performed for cis-men, with the last two cases being considered successful. Aim. To determine whether an en bloc surgical dissection can be performed in a male cadaver, in order to include structures necessary for penile transplantation (from a deceased donor male) to a recipient with female genitalia in gender affirmation surgery. Method. The study was conducted in the form of explorative dissections of the genital and pelvic regions of three male cadavers preserved in phenol-ethanol solution. Results. The first two dissections failed to explant adequately all the relevant structures. The third dissection, which was performed along the pubic arch and through the perineum, succeeded in explanting the relevant structures: it, in fact, allowed for identification and adequate transection of urethra, vessels, dorsal nerves, crura of corpora cavernosa, and bulb of corpus spongiosum, in en bloc explantation of male genitalia. Conclusions. It is possible to explant the penis and associated vessels, nerves, and urethra en bloc from a cadaver. This study suggests a surgical technique for en bloc explantation aiming for transplantation of the penis from a cadaveric donor male to a recipient with female genitalia.

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