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A cryogenic XPS study of Ce fixation on nanosized manganite and vernadite: Interfacial reactions and effects of fulvic acid complexation

Journal article
Authors C. X. Yu
J. F. Boily
A. Shchukarev
H. Drake
Z. L. Song
Johan Hogmalm
M. E. Astrom
Published in Chemical Geology
Volume 483
Pages 304-311
ISSN 0009-2541
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 304-311
Language en
Keywords Cryogenic XPS, Manganite, Vernadite, Oxidative scavenging, Ce anomaly, frozen hematite colloids, biogenic mn oxides, l-iii-edge, reaction-mechanism, gamma-mnooh, structure spectroscopy, organic-compounds, mn(ii) oxidation, chloride-ions, strain sg-1, Geochemistry & Geophysics, hindler pw, 1990, reviews in mineralogy, v23, p281
Subject categories Earth and Related Environmental Sciences


This study investigated interfacial reactions between aqueous Ce(III) and two synthetic nanosized Mn (hydr-) oxides (manganite: gamma-MnOOH, and vernadite: delta-MnO2) in the absence and presence of Nordic Lake fulvic acid (NLFA) at circumneutral pH by batch experiments and cryogenic X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The surfaces of manganite and vernadite were negatively charged (XPS-derived loadings of (Na+ K)/Cl > 1) and loaded with 0.42-4.33 Ce ions nm(-2). Manganite stabilized Ce-oxidation states almost identical to those for vernadite (approximately 75% Ce(IV) and 25% Ce(III)), providing the first experimental evidence that also a Mn (III) phase (manganite) can act as an important scavenger for Ce(IV) and thus, contribute to the decoupling of Ce from its neighboring rare earth elements and the development of Ce anomaly. In contrast, when exposed to Ce (III)-NLFA complexes, the oxidation of Ce by these two Mn (hydr-) oxides was strongly suppressed, suggesting that the formation of Ce(III) complexes with fulvic acid can stabilize Ce(III) even in the presence of oxidative Mn-oxide surfaces. The experiments also showed that Ce(III) complexed with excess NLFA was nearly completely removed, pointing to a strong preferential sorption of Ce(III)-complexed NLFA over free NLFA. This finding suggests that the Ce(III)-NLFA complexes were most likely sorbed by their cation side, i.e. Ce(III) bridging between oxide groups on the Mn (hydr-) oxides and negatively-charged functional groups in NLFA. Hence, Ce(III) was in direct contact with the oxidative manganite and vernadite but despite that not oxidized. An implication is that in organic-rich environments there may be an absence of Ce(IV) and Ce anomaly despite otherwise favorable conditions for Ce(III) oxidation.

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