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The Swedish journal Morgonbris on political violence in Finland 1917–1918

Journal article
Authors Katarina Leppänen
Published in Scandinavian Journal of History
Volume 44
Issue 2
Pages 193-212
ISSN 0346-8755
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Literature, History of Ideas, and Religion
Pages 193-212
Language en
Keywords Sweden, Finland, women, violence, socialism, civil war, revolution, feminism
Subject categories History of Ideas


Women participated actively in the Finnish Civil War in January 1918–April 1918. The radicalization of the Finnish Social Democratic Party and the embracing of a revolutionary discourse sent tremors also to Sweden. In this article, I investigate how the Swedish Social Democratic women’s journal Morgonbris addresses women’s political violence in the period surrounding the Russian Revolution in March 1917, the October 1917 Bolshevik takeover and the following Civil War in Finland early 1918. Morgonbris did not shun from reporting or debating women’s political violence, however, as this article shows there is a great discrepancy between how different acts of violence are understood in the greater discourse. Some violence, and especially some acts of violence committed by women, is clearly framed as more legitimate than others.

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