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Confidence Set for Group Membership

Report
Authors Andreas Dzemski
Ryo Okui
Publisher University of Gothenburg
Place of publication Gothenburg
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Economics
Language en
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/55922
Keywords Panel data, grouped heterogeneity, clustering, confidence set, machine learning, moment inequalities, joint one-sided tests, self-normalized sums, high-dimensional CLT, anti-concentration for QLR
Subject categories Economics

Abstract

We develop new procedures to quantify the statistical uncertainty from sorting units in panel data into groups using data-driven clustering algorithms. In our setting, each unit belongs to one of a finite number of latent groups and its regression curve is determined by which group it belongs to. Our main contribution is a new joint confidence set for group membership. Each element of the joint confidence set is a vector of possible group assignments for all units. The vector of true group memberships is contained in the confidence set with a pre-specified probability. The confidence set inverts a test for group membership. This test exploits a characterization of the true group memberships by a system of moment inequalities. Our procedure solves a high-dimensional one-sided testing problem and tests group membership simultaneously for all units. We also propose a procedure for identifying units for which group membership is obviously determined. These units can be ignored when computing critical values. We justify the joint confidence set under N, T → ∞ asymptotics where we allow T to be much smaller than N. Our arguments rely on the theory of self-normalized sums and high-dimensional central limit theorems. We contribute new theoretical results for testing problems with a large number of moment inequalities, including an anti-concentration inequality for the quasi-likelihood ratio (QLR) statistic. Monte Carlo results indicate that our confidence set has adequate coverage and is informative. We illustrate the practical relevance of our confidence set in two applications.

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