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Evaluating the effects of the latest change in Spanish port legislation: Another “turn of crew” in port reform?

Journal article
Authors José Ignacio Castillo-Manzano
Mercedes Castro-Nuño
Xavier Fageda
Marta Gonzalez-Aregall
Published in Case Studies on Transport Policy
Volume 4
Issue 2
Pages 170-177
ISSN 2213-624X
Publication year 2016
Published at
Pages 170-177
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2015...
Keywords Port Governance; Devolution; Reform; Maritime Traffic; Spain
Subject categories Economics and Business

Abstract

his article examines the determinants of traffic generated by Spain's port authorities, using data from 2003 to 2012. The interest of the study lies on examining the impact of recent legislative measures that have implied an increasing liberalization of port charges. We find that port charges influence the amount of traffic that a port is able to generate, while traffic is also affected by geographical attributes, economic wealth, the extent of industrial activity and population. Our main result is that we find evidence that the legislation of 2003 did not have a significant impact on traffic while the impact of the legislation of 2010 seems to have been stronger. Political conflicts associated to a lack of consensus on the approbation of the 2003 legislation plus a clear decline in tariff freedom wiped out the inter-port competition slightly promoted by earlier laws, versus the 2010 reform featured by a strong political agreement and a flexible port charges framework.

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