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Do all transport modes impact on industrial employment? Empirical evidence from the Spanish regions

Journal article
Authors Xavier Fageda
Marta Gonzalez-Aregall
Published in Transport Policy
Volume 55
Pages 70-78
ISSN 0967-070X
Publication year 2017
Published at
Pages 70-78
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.1...
Keywords Transportation; Spatial Econometric; Motorways; Ports; Railways; Airports
Subject categories Econometrics, Economics and Business

Abstract

This paper examines the direct, indirect and total impacts of all transport modes on industrial employment in Spain from 1995 to 2008. Through spatial econometric methods, this study finds that only ports are able to generate positive total effects, and that the increase in industrial employment that a region obtains from having more kilometers of motorways results in less industrial employment in other nearby regions. In contrast, airports and railways do not have a relevant impact on industrial employment. Overall, the level of employment in a country's manufacturing activities is related with those transport infrastructures that improve its international connectivity.

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