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A Global Review of the Hinterland Dimension of Green Port Strategies

Journal article
Authors Marta Gonzalez-Aregall
Rickard Bergqvist
Jason Monios
Published in Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Volume 59
Issue March 2018
Pages 23-34
ISSN 1361-9209
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Business Administration, Industrial and Financial Management & Logistics
Pages 23-34
Language en
Keywords Green port Shipping Environment Emissions Climate change Congestion Intermodal Hinterland
Subject categories Business Administration


Despite a growing literature on strategies to reduce emissions and other externalities in shipping and ports, very little attention has been given to the port’s role in reducing negative externalities in its hinterland. This paper addresses this gap by reviewing ports across the globe to identify which ports have implemented measures to improve the environmental performance of hinterland transport. Results show that only 76 out of 365 ports examined are doing so. The measures applied are identified, related to different goals and their challenges discussed. The most common measures are found to be technology improvements, infrastructure development and monitoring programmes, and the most advanced ports in green hinterland strategies are Rotterdam, Los Angeles/Long Beach and Hamburg, although many ports that are world leaders in green port strategies have not implemented measures in the hinterland dimension. Different port groups are segmented according to their mix of goals and measures as a foundation for future research.

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