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A retrospective study on clinical and radiological outcomes of oral implants in patients followed up for a minimum of 20 years.

Journal article
Authors Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic
Jenö Kisch
Tomas Albrektsson
Ann Wennerberg
Published in Clinical implant dentistry and related research
Volume 20
Issue 2
Pages 199-207
ISSN 1708-8208
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Odontology, Section 2
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Pages 199-207
Language en
Subject categories Other Medical Sciences


Very long-term follow-up of oral implants is seldom reported in the literature.To assess oral implant failure rates and marginal bone loss (MBL) of patients followed up for a minimum of 20 years.Implants placed in patients followed up for 20+ years were included. Descriptive statistics, survival analyses, generalized estimating equations were performed. Three-hundred implants were randomly selected for MBL.1,045 implants (227 patients) were included. Implant location, irradiation, and bruxism affected the implant survival rate. Thirty-five percent of the failures occurred within the first year after implantation, and another 26.8% in the second/third year. There was a cumulative survival rate of 87.8% after 36 years of follow-up. In the last radiological follow up, 35 implants (11.7%) had bone gain, and 35 implants (11.7%) presented at least 3 mm of MBL. Twenty-six out of 86 failed implants with available radiograms presented severe MBL in the last radiological register before implant failure.Most of the implant failures occurred at the first few years after implantation, regardless of a very long follow up. MBL can be insignificant in long-term observations, but it may, nevertheless, be the cause of secondary failure of oral implants in some cases.

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