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Metachronous and Synchronous Occurrence of 5 Primary Malignancies in a Female Patient between 1997 and 2013: A Case Report with Germline and Somatic Genetic Analysis

Journal article
Authors Jenny Nyqvist
Fredrik Persson
Toshima Z Parris
Khalil Helou
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm
Zakaria Einbeigi
Å. Borg
Per Karlsson
Anikó Kovács
Published in Case Reports in Oncology
Volume 10
Issue 3
Pages 1006–1012
ISSN 1662-6575
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Oncology
Sahlgrenska Cancer Center
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Pathology
Pages 1006–1012
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1159/000484403
Subject categories Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

The number of patients with multiple primary malignancies has been increasing steadily in recent years. In the present study, we describe a unique case of an 81-year-old woman with 5 metachronous and synchronous primary malignant neoplasms. The patient was first diagnosed with an endometrium adenocarcinoma in 1997 and a colon adenocarcinoma in 2002. Eleven years after her colon surgery, in 2013, the patient presented with 3 other primary malignancies within a 4-month time span: an invasive malignant melanoma on the lower leg, an invasive mucinous breast carcinoma in the right breast, and a pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma on the left upper arm. Subsequent routine medical checkups in 2013–2017 revealed no metastases of the primary malignancies. The patient mentioned a familial aggregation of malignant tumors, including 2 sisters with breast cancer and a brother with lung cancer. Interestingly, next-generation sequencing analysis of the patient’s blood sample detected no mutations in the BRCA1, BRCA2, TP53, PTEN, CDH1, PALB2, RAD51C, RAD51D, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, EPCAM, APC, MUTYH, STK11, BMPR1A, SMAD4, PTEN, POLE, POLD1, GREM1, and GALNT12 genes. Therefore, whole genome sequencing is warranted to identify cancer-related genetic alterations in this patient with quintuple primary malignancies.

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