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The Effect of Ex Vivo Factor XIII Supplementation on Clot Formation in Blood Samples From Cardiac and Scoliosis Surgery Patients.

Journal article
Authors Caroline Andersson Shams Hakimi
Malin S Carling
Emma C. Hansson
Helena Brisby
Camilla Hesse
Vladimir Radulovic
Anders Jeppsson
Published in Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis
Volume 24
Issue 4
Pages 677-683
ISSN 1938-2723
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedics
Pages 677-683
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029617713872
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Clinical Medicine

Abstract

Excessive perioperative bleeding remains a substantial problem. Factor XIII (FXIII) contributes to clot stability, and it has therefore been suggested that supplementation with FXIII concentrate may improve perioperative hemostasis. We evaluated the effects of increasing doses of FXIII, alone or in combination with fibrinogen or platelet concentrate, in blood samples from 2 considerably different groups of surgical patients: cardiac and scoliosis surgery patients. Whole-blood samples were collected immediately after operation from cardiac and scoliosis surgery patients. The samples were supplemented with 3 clinically relevant doses of FXIII concentrate (+20%, +40%, and +60%), alone or in combination with a fixed dose of fibrinogen concentrate (+1.0 g/L) or fresh apheresis platelets (+92 × 10(9)/L). Clot formation was assessed with rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). When the highest dose of FXIII concentrate was added, EXTEM clotting time was shortened by 10% in both cardiac and scoliosis surgery patients (95% confidence intervals: 2.4%-17% and 3.3%-17%, respectively), and FIBTEM maximum clot firmness was increased by 25% (9.3%-41%) in cardiac patients, relative to baseline. When fibrinogen was added, the dose-dependent effect of FXIII on clot stability was maintained, but the total effect was markedly greater than with FXIII alone, +150% (100%-200%) and +160% (130%-200%) for the highest FXIII dose in cardiac and scoliosis patients, respectively. Ex vivo supplementation with clinically relevant doses of FXIII improved clot formation moderately in blood samples from cardiac and scoliosis surgery patients, both alone and when given in combination with fibrinogen or platelet concentrate.

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