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Policy Effects of Anti-Immigrant Party Representation on Aid to Vulnerable European Union/European Economic Area Citizens

Journal article
Authors Maria Tyrberg
Carl Dahlström
Published in Political Studies
Volume 66
Issue 1
Pages 3-22
ISSN 0032-3217
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Political Science
Pages 3-22
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1177/00323217177...
Keywords policy impact, welfare policy, welfare chauvinism, anti-immigrant parties, niche parties, Sweden Democrats, vulnerable EU/EEA citizens, party politics
Subject categories Political Science

Abstract

While anti-immigrant parties have been electorally successful in European parliaments, it is still unclear whether they have influenced policies. This article contributes by investigating the anti-immigrant party policy impact on a previously unexplored welfare policy area, that concerning the mobility of vulnerable European Union/European Economic Area citizens. In Sweden, the aid offered to these citizens varies a great deal in different municipalities. Furthermore, the largest anti-immigrant party (Sweden Democrats) has, unlike the mainstream political parties, preferences for a strict policy in line with so-called welfare chauvinism. Taking advantage of this subnational variation, our data give us a unique opportunity to investigate whether anti-immigrant party representation impacts welfare policy outcomes. The empirical findings show a negative correlation between Sweden Democrats’ representation and the aid offered and indicates that municipalities where Sweden Democrats holds a pivotal position offer less aid to vulnerable European Union/European Economic Area citizens. The hypothesis that these effects are conditional upon the ideology of the ruling coalition is, however, not supported.

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