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Results of preoperative chemoradiotherapy for patients with advanced cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

Journal article
Authors Erik Fernström
Jan Nyman
Eva Hammerlid
Erik Holmberg
Hedda Haugen
Karin Petruson
Edvard Abel
Thomas Björk-Eriksson
Published in Acta oto-laryngologica
Volume 137
Issue 12
Pages 1292-1300
ISSN 1651-2251
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Oncology
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Pages 1292-1300
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1080/00016489.2017.13...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

Curative treatment of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is challenging due to the proximity to critical anatomical structures. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of trimodality therapy with preoperative chemotherapy and reduced-dose radiotherapy followed by organ-preserving surgery for treating patients with nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer.This retrospective study included all 156 patients diagnosed with sinonasal cancer in western Sweden between 1986 and 2009. We determined the treatment selection pattern and treatment outcomes for 79 patients treated with preoperative chemoradiotherapy.Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common histology. The five-year overall survival was 54%, and 85% of these patients had T3 or T4 tumors. The five-year cumulative incidence rate of local recurrence was 32%. The five-year overall survival in patients with squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma was 45% and 76%, respectively. The median preoperative radiation dose was 48 Gy. Orbital exenteration was performed in 7% of patients.Preoperative chemoradiotherapy may be beneficial for patients with advanced sinonasal cancer when primary radical surgery is challenging. Survival outcomes were comparable to outcomes reported in the literature despite conservative surgery and relatively low radiation doses in patients with locally advanced tumors.

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