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Management of gunshot wounds in a scandinavian hospital

Journal article
Authors Joel Lundgren
SH Mousavie
AR Negahi
Levent Akyürek
Hans Granhed
M Hosseini
David Pazooki
Published in Trauma and Emergency Care
Volume 2
Issue 5
Pages 1-3
ISSN 2398-3345
Publication year 2017
Published at
Pages 1-3
Language en
Links www.oatext.com/pdf/TEC-2-149.pdf
Keywords Gunshot wounds, firearms, penetrating trauma, incidence, mortality, triage
Subject categories Surgery, Thoracic surgery, Vascular surgery

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence and outcome for gunshot wounds (GSW) patients within a metropolitan city in the western region of Sweden, as well as the predictive value of the triage and decision system used in the Prehospital as well as the hospital setting. Methods: All patients with GSW admitted to the Sahlgrenska University Hospital during a three-year period were included in this retrospective analysis. Data were collected from the pre hospital and hospital records. Results: There were a total of 44 patients with 88 GSW, ranging from 1 to 8 in each patient. Injuries to neck/head, thorax and abdomen (n=22) were equally present as Injuries in the extremities (n=22). The average ISS score was 14±16 and the overall mortality after 30 days was 14%. In patients with injuries in the extremities no mortality was seen. Conclusions: The incidence of GSW in Sweden is still low, as well as GSW related hospital mortality. The present triage and decision system, using both vital signs and injuries in a prehospital trauma algorithm, has a good predictive value for the two-tiered trauma team activation system used.

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