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Satisfaction With Past, Present and Future life: The Role of Personality and Locus of Control

Authors Anne Ingeborg Berg
Boo Johansson
Published in 2016 Annual Meeting Gerontological Society of America
Publication year 2016
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Department of Psychology
Centre for Ageing and Health (Agecap)
Language en
Subject categories Psychology


Eriksson proposed that being satisfied with the way life turned out is a central developmental task of old age, leading to as sense of integrity that also will bring satisfaction to present life. However, life satisfaction has so far commonly been studied as a global measure disregarding the temporal domains of satisfaction with life. The three-factor solution of the LSI-Z (Neugarten, 1961); Congruence (past-oriented), Mood (present-oriented) and Zest (future-oriented), enables the investigation of different trajectories and factors of relevance for different temporal domains of life satisfaction. The present study investigates the unique associations between level and change in the LSI-Z factors Congruence, Mood, and Zest, and their associations to personality and locus of control across four measurement occasions over six years in a sample of 80-98 year old individuals from the OCTO-Twin-study. MLM growth curve analyses showed that Mood and Zest decreased over time, but Congruence remained stable. Extraversion was related to level of Congruence and Zest, but not to Mood. Neuroticism was related to Mood and Zest but not to Congruence. Locus of control was not related to Congruence, but to Mood and Zest. The results indicate that individual perceptions of quality of life in past, present and future life is related to personality and sense of control. Different associations between personality and control and temporal dimension of the life satisfaction concept have implications for research on quality of life in older adults.

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