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Pharmacokinetics, microscale distribution, and dosimetry of alpha-emitter-labeled anti-PD-L1 antibodies in an immune competent transgenic breast cancer model

Journal article
Authors J. R. Nedrow
A. Josefsson
S. Park
Tom Bäck
R. F. Hobbs
C. Brayton
F. Bruchertseifer
A. Morgenstern
G. Sgouros
Published in Ejnmmi Research
Volume 7
Pages 108
ISSN 2191-219X
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Radiation Physics
Pages 108
Language en
Links 10.1186/s13550-017-0303-2
Keywords Pharmacokinetics, Dosimetry, Anti-PD-L1 antibodies, Immune checkpoint inhibition, Alpha-particle, acute myelogenous leukemia, cell lung-cancer, monoclonal-antibody, prostate-cancer, mouse model, b7 family, therapy, pd-l1, radiotherapy, radioimmunotherapy
Subject categories Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging, Cancer and Oncology

Abstract

Background: Studies combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with external beam radiation have shown a therapeutic advantage over each modality alone. The purpose of these works is to evaluate the potential of targeted delivery of high LET radiation to the tumor microenvironment via an immune checkpoint inhibitor. Methods: The impact of protein concentration on the distribution of In-111-DTPA-anti-PD-L1-BC, an In-111-antibody conjugate targeted to PD-L1, was evaluated in an immunocompetent mouse model of breast cancer. Ac-225-DOTA-anti-PD-L1-BC was evaluated by both macroscale (ex vivo biodistribution) and microscale (alpha-camera images at a protein concentration determined by the In-111 data. Results: The evaluation of In-111-DTPA-anti-PD-L1-BC at 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg highlighted the impact of protein concentration on the distribution of the labeled antibody, particularly in the blood, spleen, thymus, and tumor. Alpha-camera images for the microscale distribution of Ac-225-DOTA-anti-PD-L1-BC showed a uniform distribution in the liver while highly non-uniform distributions were obtained in the thymus, spleen, kidney, and tumor. At an antibody dose of 3 mg/kg, the liver was dose-limiting with an absorbed dose of 738 mGy/kBq; based upon blood activity concentration measurements, the marrow absorbed dose was 29 mGy/kBq. Conclusions: These studies demonstrate that Ac-225-DOTA-anti-PD-L1-BC is capable of delivering high LET radiation to PD-L1 tumors. The use of a surrogate SPECT agent, In-111-DTPA-anti-PD-L1-BC, is beneficial in optimizing the dose delivered to the tumor sites. Furthermore, an accounting of the microscale distribution of the antibody in preclinical studies was essential to the proper interpretation of organ absorbed doses and their likely relation to biologic effect.

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