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The Degree of Surgical Frontal Volume Correction in Metopic Synostosis Determines Long-Term Outcomes

Journal article
Authors Madiha Bhatti Söfteland
Giovanni Maltese
Peter Tarnow
Emma Wikberg
Peter Bernhardt
Lars Kölby
Published in Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume 28
Issue 5
Pages 1161-1163
ISSN 1049-2275
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Radiation Physics
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Plastic Surgery
Pages 1161-1163
Language en
Links doi.org/10.1097/scs.000000000000358...
Keywords Cranioplasty, intracranial volume, metopic synostosis, single-suture craniosynostosis, school-age-children, intracranial, volume, orbital advancement, evolution, growth, Surgery, lashaw jb, 1986, neurosurgery, v19, p228
Subject categories Surgery

Abstract

Metopic synostosis results in a keel-shaped forehead, reduced frontal intracranial volume (ICV), and lower frontal to total volume ratio. The ratio improves with cranioplasty, but at 3 years of age, the ratio is still not normalized when compared to that in normal children. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a low frontal to total ICV ratio at 3 years of age was due to relapse or insufficient correction.All children surgically treated for metopic synostosis in combination with a spring at Sahlgrenska University Hospital with subsequent spring extraction between 2002 and 2008 (n=20) were included. A MATLAB program was used to measure frontal and total ICV.Preoperatively, the frontal to total ICV ratio was 9.81.3% (mean +/- standard deviation). At spring removal, 6 months after cranioplasty, the ratio had increased to 11.8 +/- 2.4%. At 3 years of age, the ratio was 11.6 +/- 1.9%. In age-matched normal children, the ratio was 14.4 +/- 1.9% preoperatively, 15.3 +/- 2.2% at time of spring extraction, and 13.4 +/- 1.4% at 3 years of age.Cranioplasty thus improved the frontal to total ICV ratio, but did not normalize it. The ratio did not change from 6 months after the cranioplasty to 3 years of age. These results indicate that a more pronounced frontal volume correction during cranioplasty is necessary to achieve a normalized distribution of ICV in metopic synostosis.

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