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The role of personality for subjective well-being in the retirement transition - Comparing variable- and person-oriented models

Journal article
Authors Georg Henning
Isabelle Hansson
Anne Ingeborg Berg
Magnus Lindwall
Boo Johansson
Published in Personality and Individual Differences
Volume 116
Pages 385-392
ISSN 0191-8869
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Psychology
Centre for Ageing and Health (Agecap)
Pages 385-392
Language en
Keywords Big Five, Personality types, Retirement transition, Well-being, major life events, latent profile analysis, big 5, traits, satisfaction, adaptation, adjustment, adulthood, moderate, scale
Subject categories Psychology


In this study we investigated the role of personality for wellbeing in the retirement transition. In a sample of Swedish older adults (N = 2.797) around retirement age (60-66), included in the Health, Aging and Retirement Transitions in Sweden(HEARTS) study, we tested if personality types and/or traits moderated the effect of retirement on change in subjective well-being across one year. We identified four personality types in a latent profile analysis. Using latent change score models, we found that those who retired between assessments showed stronger increases in subjective well-being compared to those not retiring. For one group with low openness, agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness, but high neuroticism, retirement was associated with a decrease in well-being. When only personality traits were included, we found a moderating effect of agreeableness so that high scores on agreeableness enhanced the increases in well-being after retirement. The results are compared and discussed in the light of research on personality and retirement. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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