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Assessing threats of violence: professional skill or common sense?

Journal article
Authors Renate Geurts
Pär-Anders Granhag
Karl Ask
Aldert Vrij
Published in Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling
Volume 14
Issue 3
Pages 246-259
ISSN 1544-4759
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 246-259
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1002/jip.1486
Keywords decision making, expert performance, threat assessment, threat management, violence risk
Subject categories Applied Psychology

Abstract

When faced with threats of violence, it is of great importance to assess the risk for actual harm to occur. Over the last decades, this task has developed into a domain of its own and professionals have specialised in threat assessment. However, it is yet unknown whether professional experience affects the quality of threat assessments. The present study examined how threat assessment professionals (N = 44), university students (N = 44), and laypersons (N = 45) assessed the risk for violence in three fictitious cases. The assessments (i.e., assigning risk values to different pieces of infor-mation) were found to be strikingly similar across the three groups. Yet, professionals agreed more with one another on their assess-ments, and professionals identified more relevant (empirically sup-ported) threat cues when given the opportunity to request additional information. These results suggest that threat assessment professionals know better than nonprofessionals what information to look for, and hence, they may contribute most in the process of gathering information to clarify the threat. Such knowledge can help to optimise the use of expertise, which may improve the quality of threat assessments. The current findings can be of value to those who consult threat assessment professionals, as well as to the pro-fessionals themselves.

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