To the top

Page Manager: Webmaster
Last update: 9/11/2012 3:13 PM

Tell a friend about this page
Print version

The protective effect of … - University of Gothenburg, Sweden Till startsida
Sitemap
To content Read more about how we use cookies on gu.se

The protective effect of character maturity in child aggressive antisocial behavior

Journal article
Authors N. Kerekes
Örjan Falk
S. Brandstrom
Henrik Anckarsäter
Maria Råstam
B. Hofvander
Published in Comprehensive Psychiatry
Volume 76
Pages 129-137
ISSN 0010-440X
Publication year 2017
Published at Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre
Centre for Ethics, Law, and Mental Health
Pages 129-137
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2017...
Keywords Character, Child aggressive antisocial behavior, Conduct disorder, Neurodevelopment, Mental health, DEFICIT-HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, OPPOSITIONAL DEFIANT DISORDER, CONDUCT, DISORDER, NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, BIOGENETIC TEMPERAMENT, PERSONALITY-DISORDER, AUTISM-TICS, A-TAC, ADOLESCENTS, INVENTORY
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry

Abstract

Background: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. Methods: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden. Their parents rated them according to the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory following a telephone interview during which information about the children's development and mental health was assessed with the Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory. Result: Scores on the CD module significantly and positively correlated with scores on the Novelty Seeking temperament dimension and negatively with scores on character maturity (Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness). In the group of children with either neurodevelopmental or behavioral problems, the prevalence of low or very low character maturity was 50%, while when these two problems coexisted the prevalence of low or very low character maturity increased to 70%. Neurodevelopmental problems (such as: oppositional defiant disorder, symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder) and low scores on character maturity emerged as independently significant predictors of CD; in a multivariable model, only oppositional defiant symptoms and impulsivity significantly increased the risk for coexisting CD while a mature self-agency in a child (Self-Directedness) remained a significant protective factor. Conclusion: These results suggest that children's willpower, the capacity to achieve personally chosen goals may be an important protective factor even in the presence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems against progressing into persistent negative outcomes, such as aggressive antisocial behaviors. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
Share:

The University of Gothenburg uses cookies to provide you with the best possible user experience. By continuing on this website, you approve of our use of cookies.  What are cookies?