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A comparison of the degree of implementation of marine biodiversity indicators by European countries in relation to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD)

Journal article
Authors Herman Hummel
Matt Frost
José A. Juanes
Judith Kochmann
Carlos F.Castellanos Perez Bolde
Fernando Aneiros
François Vandenbosch
João N. Franco
Beatriz Echavarri
Xabier Guinda
Araceli Puente
Camino Fernández
Cristina Galván
Maria Merino
Elvira Ramos
Paloma Fernández
Valentina Pitacco
Madara Alberte
Dagmara Wojcik
Monika Grabowska
Marlene Jahnke
Fabio Crocetta
Laura Carugati
Simonetta Scorrano
Simonetta Fraschetti
Patricia Pérez García
José Antonio Sanabria Fernández
Artem Poromov
Anna Iurchenko
Artem Isachenko
Alexandra Chava
Christina Pavloudi
François Bordeyne
Simone Fie Andersen
Elizabeth Grace Tunka Eronat
Taylan Cakmak
Paraskevi Louizidou
José Rico
Stela Ruci
David Corta Diego
Sara Mendez
Maria Rousou
Laurence De Clippele
Annukka Eriksson
Winnie Van Zanten
Anna Diamant
Valentina Kirienko Fernandes De Matos
Published in Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume 95
Pages 1519-1531
ISSN 00253154
Publication year 2015
Published at
Pages 1519-1531
Language en
Keywords descriptor, Indicators, marine biodiversity, MSFD, operability
Subject categories Biological Sciences


© Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2015.The degree of development and operability of the indicators for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) using Descriptor 1 (D1) Biological Diversity was assessed. To this end, an overview of the relevance and degree of operability of the underlying parameters across 20 European countries was compiled by analysing national directives, legislation, regulations, and publicly available reports. Marked differences were found between countries in the degree of ecological relevance as well as in the degree of implementation and operability of the parameters chosen to indicate biological diversity. The best scoring EU countries were France, Germany, Greece and Spain, while the worst scoring countries were Italy and Slovenia. No country achieved maximum scores for the implementation of MSFD D1. The non-EU countries Norway and Turkey score as highly as the top-scoring EU countries. On the positive side, the chosen parameters for D1 indicators were generally identified as being an ecologically relevant reflection of Biological Diversity. On the negative side however, less than half of the chosen parameters are currently operational. It appears that at a pan-European level, no consistent and harmonized approach currently exists for the description and assessment of marine biological diversity. The implementation of the MSFD Descriptor 1 for Europe as a whole can therefore at best be marked as moderately successful.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012

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