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Benchmarking for On-Scalp MEG Sensors

Journal article
Authors M. S. Xie
Justin F. Schneiderman
M. L. Chukharkin
A. Kalabukhov
Bushra Riaz
D. Lundqvist
S. Whitmarsh
M. Hamalainen
V. Jousmaki
R. Oostenveld
D. Winkler
Published in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Volume 64
Issue 6
Pages 1270-1276
ISSN 0018-9294
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology
Pages 1270-1276
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1109/tbme.2016.259917...
Keywords Auditory and somatosensory evoked fields (AEF and SEF), benchmark, high-temperature, SYSTEM, DIPOLE, BRAIN
Subject categories Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology

Abstract

Objective: We present a benchmarking protocol for quantitatively comparing emerging on-scalp magnetoencephalography (MEG) sensor technologies to their counterparts in state-of-the-art MEG systems. Methods: As a means of validation, we compare a high-critical-temperature superconducting quantum interference device (high T-c SQUID) with the low-T-c SQUIDs of an Elekta Neuromag TRIUX system in MEG recordings of auditory and somatosensory evoked fields (SEFs) on one human subject. Results: We measure the expected signal gain for the auditory-evoked fields (deeper sources) and notice some unfamiliar features in the on-scalp sensor-based recordings of SEFs (shallower sources). Conclusion: The experimental results serve as a proof of principle for the benchmarking protocol. This approach is straightforward, general to various on-scalp MEG sensors, and convenient to use on human subjects. The unexpected features in the SEFs suggest on-scalp MEG sensors may reveal information about neuromagnetic sources that is otherwise difficult to extract from state-of-the-art MEG recordings. Significance: As the first systematically established on-scalp MEG benchmarking protocol, magnetic sensor developers can employ this method to prove the utility of their technology in MEG recordings. Further exploration of the SEFs with on-scalp MEG sensors may reveal unique information about their sources.

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