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Interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction in Pt/CoFeB Films: Effect of the Heavy-Metal Thickness

Journal article
Authors S. Tacchi
R. E. Troncoso
Martina Ahlberg
G. Gubbiotti
M. Madami
Johan Åkerman
P. Landeros
Published in Physical Review Letters
Volume 118
ISSN 0031-9007
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Physics (GU)
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.118....
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/206899
Subject categories Physical Sciences

Abstract

© 2017 American Physical Society.We report the observation of a Pt layer thickness dependence on the induced interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in ultrathin Pt(dPt)/CoFeB films. Taking advantage of the large spin-orbit coupling of the heavy metal, the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction is quantified by Brillouin light scattering measurements of the frequency nonreciprocity of spin waves in the ferromagnet. The magnitude of the induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya coupling is found to saturate to a value of 0.45 mJ/m2 for Pt thicknesses larger than ∼2 nm. The experimental results are explained by analytical calculations based on the three-site indirect exchange mechanism that predicts a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction at the interface between a ferromagnetic thin layer and a heavy metal. Our findings open up a way to control and optimize chiral effects in ferromagnetic thin films through the thickness of the heavy-metal layer.

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