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Reported burning mouth symptoms among middle-aged and elderly women.

Journal article
Authors Magnus Hakeberg
Ulf Berggren
Catharina Hägglin
Margareta Ahlqwist
Published in European journal of oral sciences
Volume 105
Issue 6
Pages 539-43
ISSN 0909-8836
Publication year 1997
Published at Institute of Odontology, Department of Endodontology/Oral Diagnosis
Pages 539-43
Language en
Keywords Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, therapeutic use, Burning Mouth Syndrome, epidemiology, Chi-Square Distribution, Confidence Intervals, Erythrocyte Indices, Estrogen Replacement Therapy, Estrogens, therapeutic use, Facial Pain, epidemiology, Female, Folic Acid Deficiency, epidemiology, Forecasting, Headache, epidemiology, Health Status, Humans, Hypnotics and Sedatives, therapeutic use, Iron, deficiency, Logistic Models, Mastication, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Oral Health, Prevalence, Sweden, epidemiology, Tinnitus, epidemiology, Vitamin B 12 Deficiency, epidemiology, Xerostomia, epidemiology
Subject categories Odontological behavioural science


The aims of this investigation were to assess the prevalence of burning mouth symptoms (BM) in a representative population of Swedish middle-aged and elderly women (n=1017) and its relation to general and oral health status. BM was reported by 4.6% (n=47), and 85% of the BM subjects had experienced BM for more than 6 months. A stepwise multiple logistic regression with BM/non-BM as dependent variable showed that 7 covariates were found to be predictive of BM. These variables were medication with antihypertensives, sedatives and female sex hormones. Moreover, headache, tinnitus, dry mouth, and reduced chewing ability were included in the final model.

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