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Age at immigration matters for labor market integration : the Swedish example

Journal article
Authors Björn Gustafsson
Hanna Mac Innes
Torun Österberg
Published in IZA Journal of Development and Migration
Volume 7
Issue 1
Pages 24
ISSN 2520-1786
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Social Work
Pages 24
Language en
Keywords Immigration, Integration, Immigrants, Age, Sweden
Subject categories Social and Economic Geography, Sociology, Economics


This paper analyses how age at immigration to Sweden and getting a first foothold in the labor market is related. We estimate hazard rate models using registry data on all persons who arrived in each of the years 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002. The results show that the number of years taken to get a foothold in the Swedish labor market increases rapidly by age among immigrants from middle- and low-income countries aged 40+. Most individuals who are born in middle- or low-income countries who immigrate after age 50 never get a foothold in the Swedish labor market.

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