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Chronic pain and sex-differences; women accept and move, while men feel blue.

Journal article
Authors Graciela Rovner
Katharina S Sunnerhagen
Ann Björkdahl
Björn Gerdle
Björn Börsbo
Fredrik Johansson
David Gillanders
Published in PloS one
Volume 12
Issue 4
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication year 2017
Published at University of Gothenburg Centre for person-centred care (GPCC)
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.017...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Physiotherapy, Other Clinical Medicine, Public health medicine research areas, Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

Abstract

The aim of this study is to explore differences between male and female patients entering a rehabilitation program at a pain clinic in order to gain a greater understanding of different approaches to be used in rehabilitation.1371 patients referred to a specialty pain rehabilitation clinic, completed sociodemographic and pain related questionnaires. They rated their pain acceptance (CPAQ-8), their kinesiophobia (TSK), the impact of pain in their life (MPI), anxiety and depression levels (HAD) and quality of life scales: the SF-36, LiSat-11, and the EQ-5D. Because of the large sample size of the study, the significance level was set at the p ≤.01.Analysis by t-test showed that when both sexes experience the same pain severity, women report significantly higher activity level, pain acceptance and social support while men report higher kinesiophobia, mood disturbances and lower activity level.Pain acceptance (CPAQ-8) and kinesiophobia (TSK) showed the clearest differences between men and women. Pain acceptance and kinesiophobia are behaviorally defined and have the potential to be changed.

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