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Nutrition, dental caries and periodontal disease: a narrative review.

Journal article
Authors Philippe P Hujoel
Peter Lingström
Published in Journal of clinical periodontology
Volume 44
Issue Suppl 18
Pages S79-S84
ISSN 1600-051X
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Odontology, Section 3
Pages S79-S84
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12672
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Cariology

Abstract

To provide a narrative review of the role of macro- and micronutrients in relation to dental caries, gingival bleeding and destructive periodontal disease.This review is based on systematic reviews (when available) and comparative human studies.Dental caries cannot develop without the presence of dietary fermentable carbohydrates, in particular sugar. The susceptibility to develop caries in the presence of carbohydrates may be influenced by genetics and micronutrients such as vitamin D. Gingival bleeding and destructive periodontal disease are sensitive markers to both abnormalities in macronutrient content (excessive carbohydrates or poly-unsaturated fat intake, deficient protein intake) and micronutrient intake (e.g. vitamin C and B12).Dental caries and periodontal diseases are a sensitive alarm bell for an unhealthy diet, which predicts the future onset of the diseases of civilizations.

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