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Port Initiated Measures for more Sustainable Transport -a Hinterland Perspective

Conference contribution
Authors Marta Gonzalez-Aregall
Rickard Bergqvist
Jason Monios
Published in 14th NECTAR International Conference: Transport in a networked society, 31st of May to 2nd of June 2017, Madrid, Spain
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Business Administration, Industrial and Financial Management & Logistics
Language en
Keywords Ports, Hinterland, Environmental incentives, port dues
Subject categories Business Administration


As a consequence of more globalization, concentration and specialization of production, urbanization and environmental awareness, there is an increased focus on global supply chain, where seaports play a key role as transshipment hubs. Ports have become more important in the sense of global logistic actors (Suykens & Van de Voorde, 1998). Their influence stretches far, as their strategies and services have great impact on the decision making of both global and local logistic service providers. A vital part of port efficiency and port value proposition is sea- and land-side connectivity and services. The role of hinterland logistics and transportation is getting increasing attention, and ports strategies and management focus more and more on incorporating and coordinating hinterland logistic activities with the activities of the seaport (cf. Notteboom & Winkelmans, 2001; Woxenius & Bergqvist, 2011). Ports are often publicly owned but often privately operated, normally, by means of concessions. Ports are an interesting focal point since their activities, directly and indirectly, heavily affects the local and regional traffic system. The ports constitute an important part of the global supply chains and their role in the transport chain have the potential to shape the social and environmental performance of transportation systems. Ports have the potential for the internalisation of both social and environmental externalities by means of differentiated fees and other incentives. Most “green” incentives and port dues relate to the seaside by e.g. the Environmental Ship Index (ESI) initiative and tool. This paper analyze the growing attention of port environmental strategies with special focus on hinterland logistics. This paper aims at identifying and analysing incentives and fees established by port to improve the environmental performance of their connecting transport network. Of particular interest and focus are measures implemented that focus on hinterland logistics and transport. The study is based on data collection by means of literature review in order to identify cases where incentives and fees for more environmentally friendly hinterland transport have been implemented. Secondly, the cases have been analysed by complementary data collection by means of interviews and correspondence with key stakeholders. Furthermore, the identified cases are characterised based on key dimension of perceived effect, difficulty to implement, etc., based on previous research. Finally, the feasibility of the different types of identified measures (incentives and fees) have been analysed from a Swedish perspective with the help of key stakeholders.

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