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Occupation, gender and work-life exits: a Swedish population study

Journal article
Authors Roland Kadefors
K Nilsson
L Rylander
P-O Östergren
M Albin
Published in Ageing & Society
Volume 38
Issue 7
Pages 1332-1349
ISSN 0144-686X
Publication year 2018
Published at Department of Sociology and Work Science
Pages 1332-1349
Language en
Links https://www.researchgate.net/public...
Keywords Retirement, work life exits, gender, socioeconomics, blue and white collars, occupation
Subject categories Older people and ageing, Gender Studies, Work Sciences

Abstract

The present study was undertaken in order to examine the differences between occupations in the Swedish labour market with respect to the risk for men and women of leaving working life prematurely. The project was carried out as a population study employing methodology used in demographics to predict life length at birth. Here, calculations of expected remaining work-life length were based on the exits from working life. The study was based on the Swedish national labour statistics, covering all employees who had an occupational definition in 2006 and who were in the age range 35–64 years during the study period 2007–2010. There was a clear socio-economic divide in exit patterns, comparing blue- and white-collar jobs. The differences between the highest and the lowest risk jobs exceeded 4.5 years among both men and women. In the blue-collar occupational groups there were 50 per cent or less ‘survivors’ still working at age 65; in many white-collar occupations there were more than 60 per cent. Men and women exited working life at the same age. Compared to a similar study carried out in 2006, the same socio-economic pattern prevails, but people now work longer in almost all occupations. Women exited working life 0.8 years earlier than men in 2006; this difference is now gone.

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