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Effect of prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube on swallowing in advanced head and neck cancer: A randomized controlled study.

Journal article
Authors Lars Axelsson
Ewa M Silander
Jan Nyman
Mogens Bove
Leif Johansson
Eva Hammerlid
Published in Head & neck
Volume 39
Issue 5
Pages 908–915
ISSN 1097-0347
Publication year 2017
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Pages 908–915
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.24707
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Surgery, Otorhinolaryngology

Abstract

Dysphagia is common in head and neck cancer. A percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube is used to facilitate nutrition; however, some retrospective studies have indicated that the PEG tube causes dysphagia.A randomized study of patients with head and neck cancer was conducted with up to 10 years of follow-up. Patients were randomized to either the prophylactic PEG tube group (study group) or the common clinical nutritional support group (control group). At each follow-up, a dietician assessed the oral intake, noted the patients' weight, and if the patients used a PEG tube. Dysphagia was also assessed by the quality of life questionnaire, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 Head and Neck 35-questions (EORTC-QLQ-H&N35).One hundred thirty-four patients were included in this study. There was no significant difference in swallowing function between the groups after 12 months, 24 months, and 8 years based on the EORTC-QLQ-H&N35, the oral intake scale, tube dependence, esophageal intervention, weight, body mass index (BMI), and overall survival.A prophylactic PEG tube can be used without an increased risk of long-term dysphagia in patients with head and neck cancer. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2017.

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