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Entrepreneurship in Creative Industries as compared to High-tech and Low-tech Manufacturing

Conference contribution
Authors Astrid Heidemann Lassen
Maureen McKelvey
Daniel Ljungberg
Published in Workshop on "Co-evolution of Entrepreneurship and Artistic Innovation", 30 March 2017, Gothenburg
Publication year 2017
Published at Department of Economy and Society, Innovation and Entrepreneurship (IIE)
Department of Economy and Society
Language en
Subject categories Economics and Business


Entrepreneurs in creative industries have social value at the center of the value realization, for example, community, a sense of identity, solidarity, conviviality, friendship, and so on. The implication is that the informal sphere, more generally denoted as civil society, plays a particularly crucial role for the realization of the creative values (see e.g. Bendixen, 2000; Jeffcut and Pratt, 2002; Konrad, 2013). Characteristics of creative industries are thus argued to be opposed to the more market and industrially oriented mechanisms governing other sectors, and manufacturing industries in particular. In other words, different literature assumes varieties of entrepreneurship. Up to now, knowledge intensive entrepreneurship (KIE) has most often been studied in the context of manufacturing industries in particular, including some comparisons of high-tech or low-tech industries (McKelvey and Lassen 2013a; McKelvey and Lassen 2013b; Malerba et al 2015). Important findings from these studies relate to particularly the role and importance of advanced technological knowledge and innovation across all types of sectors, and in services as well as goods. However, the initial proposal of the concept of KIE in fact transcends specific industrial domains, as has been argued from the initial launching of the concept as well as from extensive qualitative and quantitative studies. Hence, more comparative work is needed across industrial sectors, in order to develop better taxonomies in future research. Hence, in this paper we tackle a number of pertinent questions as to the exact nature and effect of KIE entrepreneurship in creative industries, and specifically how KIE should be understood in this context as compared to other sectors. We address such fundamental questions by asking whether, how and why creative entrepreneurship differs from other varieties of knowledge intensive entrepreneurship, leading to the title of ‘same, same but different’ as a rhetorical way of analyzing similarities and differences.

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